Naadam Festival is the biggest and most attractive festival in Mongolia which is held in 11th, 12th, and 13th of July, annually. The Naadam literally means “game”, and it consists of three so-called manly sports, locally termed “Eriin gurwan naadam” – wrestling, horse racing, and archery. The origins of Naadam date back to the Mongol empire per...

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The other important Mongolian holiday is Tsagaan Sar, literally the “White Month,” or New Year’s Day, which has been celebrated since the time of the Mongol Empire. Although Mongolia uses the Gregorian calendar, the lunar calendar is also used due to tradition and religious practice, and thus Tsagaan Sar usually falls in February or early March...

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Golden Eagle Festival Hunting with eagles is a traditional form of falconry for thousands of years, practiced by the Kazakh people in Bayan-Ulgii, the westernmost province of Mongolia. It’s a rite of passage for Kazakh boys in western Mongolia who learn the crafts as early as 13. Passed down through generations, the tradition has a strict set...

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Tsaatan people, the reindeer herders are national minorities who live in the Taiga forest in the most northern part of Mongolia. They have their own unique culture, language, and even an interesting religion.  In northern Mongolia, there are totally over 350 Tsaatan people from about 40 families and approximately over 2300 reindeer exist....

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One of the sumptuous and unique inhabitants from The Mongolian Gobi is a Bactrian camel, has two humps rather than the single hump of their Arabian relatives. Only 6 percent of all the camels throughout the world are one-humped camels and the total amount is just slightly over two million and most of them belong to Mongolia.  They are value...

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Yak (bos grunniens) is one of 5 live stocks of Mongolian nomads for hundreds of years, has a bulky frame, sturdy legs, and extremely dense, long fur that hangs down lower than the belly.  Domesticated yaks number at least 12 million and over 600 thousand of them belong to Mongolia. Yaks are used for transportation and threshing, as well a...

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